APA Essay Format (7th ed.) | Essay Writing | The Nature of Writing

APA Essay Format (7th ed.) | Essay Writing | The Nature of Writing


In this video I’d like to show you how
to format your essay using the APA guidelines, 7th edition. Now, with the 7th
edition there are some changes, and in particular students no longer have to
supply an abstract or a running head. If your instructor does ask for one of
those things, then just stay tuned for the end of the video and I will cover
these items there. The first thing you want to do in your essay is [to] provide a
page number. There are a couple of ways to do this in Microsoft Word. You can simply
double click at the top of your page, and it will open up the design tab, and you
can click on page number. The other way to do it is to go to the insert button
here. That provides another option as well. So we’ll click on page number, top
of the page, and plain number 3. Now, you want to make sure that you use the same
font and the same font size throughout your essay. The only exception would be [for] footnotes, which can be smaller, and some tables and figures. There’s some room
there as well. So I’m just going to press Ctrl-A, which highlights all the text in
the headers, and go back to home. I’m going to use Times New Roman size 12,
because I like that font but the 7th edition of the APA guidelines allows you
quite a bit of flexibility. There are some other fonts that you can use as
well. So, having done that, I’m going to click outside of my header area. And I’ll
put our cursor at the top here. Now we’re going to set up the rest of our paper,
and we want to make sure that all of our paper (I’ll press ctrl-a again here) … all
of our paper is double spaced — so 2.0. We also want to make sure there’s no
extra spacing before or after paragraphs. Alright, so having done that, and having made sure that we use Times New Roman, size 12, [we’ll] get
rid of the bold for the moment, [and] we now need to press ENTER 3 to 4 times. 1 2 3 4. Okay, 3 is fine as well, and we’re going to add our essay title at this
point. We’ll center it, and then we’ll type it out. So let’s come up with a title here. Let’s see here: “Transference in the Classroom.” We’ll add a subtitle: “A Case Study of PSY
303.” There we go. Now we need to make sure that our title is bold and centered, as
mentioned, and it should also be in title case, which means that important words in the title are capitalized but smaller words such as prepositions and articles
and so on are not. Notice that after the colon, however, we do capitalize even the
smaller words. If your title is quite long then you can put it across two
lines, and this works especially well after the colon. So you could do it like
this, but in this case, because the title is short enough, we can just keep it on
one line. So there we are again. We’re going to press ENTER a couple of
times after our title, which means that there’s going to be a space, a bigger
space between our title and the rest of the information that goes on the front
page. At this point we put our own name, so let’s just make up a name here.
Make sure you also add your initial in the middle, and if you have multiple
people working as a group you can provide a second name by just putting
“and” and then the other name. If you have even more names than that then just
separate them with commas and put “and” before the final name. After this we’re
going to make sure we add our Department — the Department of Psychology let’s say —
followed by the university. We’ll just make up a fake University here. Next
line is going to be our course name. So let’s just call this PSY 303, and
we’ll call this [class] Freud. There you go — that’s as much as I know about
psychology. Then we add the instructor’s name. So Dr. James H. Hanson, let’s say, and finally the date. Now, the tendency, or the preference
withAPA is that you write out the entire month (let’s say, January 27 2020), but
there are some different date formats as well. You could reverse the month and the
day, for instance. So there are different options at this point. The next
thing to do is we need to go to the next page to start our essay. To
do that we’re going to insert a page break … Do that for
each section of your paper because it really nicely keeps things separate and
stops things from … moving around to the wrong place. At this point we need to repeat our title, so I’m actually just going to copy
and paste our title. There we go. There’s our title. Again, it’s centered,
and then once we start our text we’re gonna make sure our text is left-aligned,
but we also want to indent our first paragraph. In fact, every paragraph is
indented. So let’s just pretend that our essay starts here. Notice that there is
no extra spacing before or after headings. You also don’t have to add a
heading that says “introduction” or
something like that. There shouldn’t be additional headings between the
title and your first paragraph. Later in the essay you can use other headings to
organize the information, and these might be headings such as “method” or “results” or “discussion.” Those are common headings. As you organize the information the
APA provides five different levels of headings. These have changed a little bit
from the sixth edition, so try to figure out which ones to use, and for all of
them you’re supposed to use title case. So make sure again that you capitalize
important words. The last part of your essay is the references page. To show
what that looks like, I’ve formatted it here already. Again, “references” … the word is going to be in bold, in the center, and
then your first entry is going to be on the left here (so left aligned). But I’ve also used a hanging indentation. To do that go to “paragraph,”
click on the little button, and go to “special,” and select “hanging,” and from this point on all your entries are going to be hanging. When you press ENTER it’ll
go back to the left margin, but as you keep typing it will indent each line
after the first for every single entry. So that would be the references page. Now if your instructor does ask for an abstract or running head, let me show you
very quickly how to do that. First, the abstract. For the abstract, we need to
go back to our first page and then we need to insert a page break. There we go.
I’m going to type “abstract,” and we will bold it. Then we’ll start our abstract
and again this needs to be not bold and left aligned. There we go, and in this case the
paragraph does not need to be indented. This is the one exception in
the essay. So, don’t intend this one. Also, make sure it’s a single paragraph and
it’s a maximum of 250 words. Then finally, for the running head, you can do
this in any header really … but you just double click in the header. You start
typing and you can use a shorter version of your title. It doesn’t even have to be
exactly the same words. You can kind of paraphrase. But make sure that you use
all caps. So everything is in capital letters. There we go, and make sure that
it’s no longer than 50 characters. That also includes the spaces actually
between the words. After you’ve typed that, press the tab button twice. One, two.
And now it’s on the left side, while your page number stays on the right. That’s it for how to format an APA paper!

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