The Four Temperaments – How to assess people quickly

What the 4 temperaments tell about your character
and your fellow human beings What do the four temperaments reveal about
you and your fellow human beings? The four-temperament model can help you to understand yourself as well as every person you meet: What does a person focus on? What motivates him or her? What are his or her defence mechanisms? We will tell you in this video! The four temperaments … and what they tell
about each person. The temperament theory exists for over 2000 years. At first it was part of humoral pathology
in ancient medicine. It no longer plays any role in medical matters. Its psychological significance is all the
greater. Because of its precision and simplicity, it
is still as up to date and effective as ever and forms the basis of many other classification
systems. The four temperaments are: the sanguine, the
choleric, the melancholic and the phlegmatic. The temperaments are derived from primary features. Let us take a closer look at the four temperaments and primary features with the character compassby Stefan Fiebig- On the one hand, there are the properties active and extroverted or passive and introverted. On the other hand, there are the characteristics:
conflict-avoiding or conflict-seeking. These primary features occur in different
combinations: The sanguine and the choleric are active and
extroverted. The melancholic and the phlegmatic are passive
and introverted. The sanguine and the phlegmatic are conflict-avoiding. The choleric and the melancholic are conflict-seeking. Each temperament therefore consists of two
basic features: The sanguine is conflict-avoiding and extroverted. The choleric is extroverted and conflict-seeking. The melancholic is conflict-seeking and introverted. And the phlegmatic is introverted and conflict-avoiding. What does that mean in detail and how is it expressed? The sanguine you recognize by his or her easygoing attitude. The drive and motivation of a sanguine is
his or her curiosity, interest and enthusiasm. His or her defence mechanisms are: changing the subject as well as making distractions and jokes. You recognize the choleric in his or her effervescent
manner. The drive and motivation of a choleric are
own projects, power, desire and zest for action. His or her defence mechanisms are accusations,
ranting and aggressiveness. His or her constructive quality is willpower. An unbalanced choleric can be hot-tempered
and aggressive. The melancholic you recognize by his or her
wistfulness. The drive and motivation of a melancholic
are idealism, compassion or self-pity. His or her defence mechanisms are whining,
crying, fleeing and being desperate. His or her constructive quality is devotion. An unbalanced melancholic may be depressed. The phlegmatic you recognize by his or her languor. The drive and motivation of the phlegmatic
are habit and a sense of duty. His or her defence mechanisms are ignoring,
stonewalling and non-reacting. His or her constructive qualities are patience
and calm. An unbalanced phlegmatic can be unmotivated
and very sluggish. What else you should know: We cannot just ascribe one of the four temperaments
to a person. In principle, all four temperaments are present
as a potential in every human being. One is clearly recognizable as a primary temperament. Another temperament appears less clearly as
a secondary temperament. Thus, the other two temperaments usually play
a very minor role. Certain combinations of temperaments as primary
and secondary temperament are mutually exclusive: on the one hand sanguine and melancholic:
no one can be superficially deep. On the other hand, choleric and phlegmatic, because no one can be calm in an effervescent way. All temperaments are equal and in themselves
neither good nor bad. How a temperament expresses itself or is acted out is a matter of character development of a person. A well-developed sanguine, for example, will
be a very interesting and versatile conversational partner, while an undeveloped sanguine will
be superficial and volatile. How can you specifically recognize and assess
the primary temperament of your fellow human beings or of yourself? When observing others it can be helpful to
see how someone acts in conflict situations or how he or she acts when encountering difficulties. If the person gets upset, he or she is probably
a not particularly developed choleric. (But is definitely right and will prevail,
damn it !!) If the person is actively seeking a solution
by him- or herself, he or she is probably a developed choleric. If the person makes jokes or distracts from
the situation, he or she is likely to be an undeveloped sanguine. (But that’s not so bad, right?) If the person has all sorts of solution options
or if you can get him or her enthusiastic about solving the situation, he or she is
probably a well-developed sanguine. If the person reacts desperately or complains, he or she is probably a rather undeveloped melancholic. If the person approaches the solution with
dedication and idealism, he or she is probably a well-developed melancholic. If the person ignores the conflict or does
not want to admit it, he or she is probably a not very well developed phlegmatic. (However, I do not want to hear anything about
that…) If the person acts calmly to restore the usual
order, he or she is probably a developed phlegmatic. In the following videos we will go into the four temperaments in detail with some more interesting examples. Tell us in the comments what you found particularly
valuable and what you experience with the four temperaments. Thank you for being here. We wish you a heroic time and say: see you soon! Oh, and if you have not already done so now,
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